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Alberta, Canada
 
 
Alberta has a broadly stated Human Rights, Citizenship and Multiculturalism Act that includes persons with a physical disability. They define physical disability as meaning “any degree of physical disability, infirmity, malformation or disfigurement that is caused by bodily injury, birth defect or illness . . . physical co-ordination, blindness or visual impediment, deafness or hearing impediment, muteness or speech impediment, and physical reliance on a guide dog, wheelchair or other remedial appliance or device.”
In addition, the Blind Persons’ Rights Act is more specific in defining these rights and is summarized here.
 
Applies to Guide Dogs, Hearing Dogs,Service Dogs
 
Accessibility No person shall “. . . deny to any person the accommodation, services or facilities available in any place to which the public is customarily admitted, or . . . discriminate against any person with respect to the accommodation, services or facilities available in any place to which the public is customarily admitted, or the charges for the use of them, for the reason that the person is a blind person accompanied by a guide dog.”
 
Identification “The Minister, or a person designated by the Minister in writing, may, on application, issue to a blind person an identification card identifying the blind person and that person’s guide dog.”
 
Misrepresentation “No person other than a blind person shall carry or use a white cane in a public place or public conveyance or other place to which the public is permitted to have access.”
 
Trainers same rights as blind person

White Cane can be used only by a blind person

Penalties “. . . guilty of an offence and liable to a fine not exceeding $250” (misrepresentation); “A person who contravenes section 5 is guilty of an offence and liable to a fine not exceeding $3000” (discrimination); “A person who contravenes section 6(3) or who, not being a blind person, purports to be a blind person for the purpose of claiming the benefit of this Act is guilty of an offence and liable to a fine not exceeding $300.”
 
Summary Alberta law requires that a specially trained Assistance Dog be allowed to accompany a blind or deaf person or trainer to all public accommodations and common carriers. Extra charges cannot be made due to the presence of the dog, but the dog user must control the behavior of the dog. These rights were extended to deaf and hard-of-hearing by amendment. The Human Rights Act supposedly extends these rights to the physically disabled as well.
 
All information is easily found in the three page Blind Persons’ Rights Act, R.S.A. 2000, c. B-3, at this URL.
 
Alberta Human Rights, Citizenship and Multiculturalism Act, R.S.A. 2000, c. H-14, Version available as of 2004-06-23 (Last update on CanLII: 2004-04-30), Section 44(l). http://www.canlii.org/ab/laws/sta/h14/20040623/whole.html
 
Blind Persons’ Rights Amendment Act, R.S.A. 2000, c. 7 (Supp), amended the original act to include Hearing Dogs for the deaf and hard-of-hearing.
Source Guild to Assistance Dog Laws by Assistance Dogs International's

 

 
 

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