Category: Canada Service Dog Animal Laws
Written by Paul
British Columbia, Canada
British Columbia has a broadly stated Human Rights Code that addresses discrimination against persons with physical or mental disabilities. They also have a Guide Animal Act that more specifically addresses disabled persons who use Assistance Dogs, which is summarized here.
Applies to Guide, Hearing, and Service Dogs
Accessibility “In particular, a person with a disability accompanied by a guide animal may, in the same manner as would a person not accompanied by an animal, enter and use an accommodation, conveyance, eating place, lodging place or any other place to which the public is invited or has access so long as the guide animal is . . . prevented from occupying a seat in a public conveyance or eating place, and . . . held by a leash or harness.”
Interference “A person who contravenes this Act commits an offence.”
Housing “A person must not . . . deny to a person with a disability a residential premises advertised or otherwise represented as available for occupancy by a tenant, or . . . impose a term or condition on a person with a disability . . . if that term or condition discriminates because of the disability or because the person with the disability intends to keep a guide animal in the residential premises.”
Identification “A person with a disability may apply . . . for a certificate to use as evidence that section 2 applies. The minister must issue a certificate under subsection if the minister is satisfied that the animal to be used is a guide animal.”
Misrepresentation “A person who is not a blind person according to accepted medical standards must not carry or use a white cane.”
Injury to Dog “A person to whom a certificate under this section is issued must surrender the certificate to the minister and the certificate is void if the minister is satisfied that the guide animal for which the certificate was issued has died, become permanently disabled, ceased to render the services to which the certificate relates or is not qualified as a guide animal.”
Penalties “A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable on conviction to a fine of not more than $200.”
Summary British Columbia law requires that a specially trained Assistance Dog be allowed to accompany a blind, deaf, or physically disabled person to all public accommodations and common carriers. Extra charges cannot be made due to the presence of the dog. The dog must not occupy a seat in a public conveyance or an eating place, and must be held by a leash or harness.
All laws pertaining to Assistance Dogs are found in the Guide Animal Act [RSBC 1996] Chapter 177 and are easily found at this URL in a three-page document.
Human Rights Code [RSBC 1996] Chapter 210. http://www.qp.gov.bc.ca/statreg/stat/H/96210_01.htm#section2
Source Guild to Assistance Dog Laws by Assistance Dogs International's